From 2012 Wiki
By the Eschaton
As closes distance with the eschatological object, the reflections it is throwing off resemble more and more the thing itself. In the final moment the Unspeakable stands revealed. There are no more reflections of the Mystery. The Mystery in all its nakedness is seen, and nothing else exists.
- —McKenna, Terence ♦ New Maps of Hyperspace 1989
| Wave 2
| Constructive interference
|| Destructive interference
- The constructive interference of two waves results in their existence.
- The destructive interference of two waves results in their nonexistence.
- Constructive interference is synergetic (energetically favourable). That is why the universe prefers existence to nonexistence.
A matter wave has two components:
- A magnetic (rotational, particle-like) component, also known as "mass".
- An electric (translational, wave-like) component, also known as "energy".
- A purely magnetic matter wave is constructively interfering with itself but is incapable of constructive interference with other matter waves.
- A purely electric matter wave is not constructively interfering with itself but is capable of constructive interference with other matter waves.
- The electric field has a negative potential energy. Therefore, in accordance with the minimum total potential energy principle, the universe's matter waves are being pulled from a purely magnetic state of constructive self-interference to a purely electric state of collective constructive interference.
Imagine you have two synchronized clocks and drop one of the clocks into a gravitational well, leaving its twin at the gravitational well's rim. The frequencies of the matter waves, of which the falling clock consists, will begin to increase, so that the falling clock will run ever faster and will travel ever further into the future from its nonfalling twin. Thus, falling into the universe's gravitoelectric potential is equivalent to travelling into the future, or, simply, to motion in time, which means that the universe's gravitoelectric potential is eternity:
We are being sucked into the body of eternity.
- —McKenna, Terence
- Motion in space is motion at the same level of gravitoelectric potential energy. When a matter wave orbits at the same radius from its own gravitational centre or from a collective gravitational centre, the matter wave stays within the same actual moment of time. Thus, motion in space is rotational motion, and space is the actual moment of time (the "now").
- Motion in time is motion to a lower level of gravitoelectric potential energy. When a matter wave descends to a lower orbit around its own gravitational centre or around a collective gravitational centre, the matter wave moves into the next actual moment of time. Thus, motion in time is translational motion.
A radius and a tangent to a circle. A spiral gravitational flux can be decomposed into the gravitoelectric component (the flux's radial acceleration) and the gravitomagnetic component (the flux's tangential inertia).
Therefore, the passage of time is the descent of the gravitomagnetic field (space, the actual moment of time) into its own gravitoelectric potential (eternity, the totality of potential—future and past—moments of time):
In general, a system can have both translational and rotational accelerations, however. It follows from Einstein's principle of equivalence that locally—i.e., to the extent that spacetime curvature can be neglected—gravitational effects are the same as inertial effects; therefore, gravitation can be approximately described in terms of gravitoelectric and gravitomagnetic fields corresponding to translational and rotational inertia, respectively. This is the gravitational Larmor theorem, which is very useful in the post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity. The gravitomagnetic field of a massive rotating body is a measure of its absolute rotation.
- —Novello, M. ♦ VII Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation, Rio de Janeiro, August 1993 Atlantica Séguier Frontières, 1994, p. 257
From our electrodynamical experience we can infer immediately that any rotating spherical body (e.g., the sun or the earth) will be surrounded by a radial gravitoelectric (Newtonian) field g and a dipolar gravitomagnetic field H. The gravitoelectric monopole moment is the body's mass M; the gravitomagnetic dipole moment is its spin angular momentum S.
- —Thorne, Kip S. ♦ Gravitomagnetism, Jets in Quasars, and the Stanford Gyroscope Experiment From the book "Near Zero: New Frontiers of Physics" (eds. J. D. Fairbank, B. S. Deaver, Jr., C. W. F. Everitt, P. F. Michelson), W. H. Freeman and Company, 1988, pp. 3–4 (575–576)
φ is the Newtonian or "gravitoelectric" potential: φ = −Gm/r.
<...> In the Newtonian theory there will not be any gravitomagnetic effects; the Newtonian potential is the same irrespective of whether or not the body is rotating. Hence the gravitomagnetic field is a purely relativistic effect. The gravitoelectric field is the Newtonian part of the gravitational field, while the gravitomagnetic field is the non-Newtonian part.
- —Grøn, Øyvind; Hervik, Sigbjørn ♦ Einstein's General Theory of Relativity with Modern Applications in Cosmology Springer, 2007, pp. 201, 203
Space (a tridimensional array of gravitomagnetic protons) spiralling into eternity (which is the gradient of the protons' constructive interference). The tangential width of a quadrilateral represents the intensity of the gravitomagnetic field (space), while the radial height of a quadrilateral represents the intensity of the gravitoelectric potential (eternity). The spiral's pitch increases from 0° at the funnel's rim to 90° at the funnel's bottom and represents the Planck quantum of action—the threshold intensity of angular momentum, upon attaining which, the gravitoelectric potential (i.e., vortex-free) flux undergoes decoherence into gravitomagnetic actual vortices, also known as "elementary particles" or "quanta".
 Planck quantum of action
The boundary between the potential (quasi-irrotational, virtual, spiritual) and the actual (rotational, real, material) is the universal quantum of action (the intensity of angular momentum, defined as the product of unit mass and areal velocity), proposed in 1860 by Robert Baldwin Hayward (7 March 1829–2 February 1903, FRS since 1 June 1876), who designated the quantum with the first letter of his surname—h. In the year 1900, Max Planck discovered that assuming the equivalence of inertial mass and energy makes h applicable not only to celestial mechanics but also to electromagnetic phenomena.
The formula of mass–energy equivalence is E = mc2. If we choose units in which c = 1, then E = m, and Hayward's equation m/f = h = const. turns into Planck's equation E/f = h = const.
Since that time, the areal momentum of unit mass is referred to as the Planck quantum of action:
Suppose a particle to be in motion under the action of a force, which tends to or from a fixed centre. Since the force has no moment about the centre, the angular momentum of the particle, with respect to the centre of force, remains constant in intensity and direction; and hence the path of the particle lies in a fixed plane, and its areal velocity about the centre of force is constant. Three constants will be required to define the intensity and direction of the angular momentum, corresponding to the three constants entering into three first integrals of the equations of motion as usually obtained; we may naturally assume them as follows:
- h the intensity of the angular momentum with respect to the centre; or, the areal momentum about the centre in the plane of the orbit.
- h1, the angular momentum about the normal to a fixed plane of reference; or, the reduced areal momentum in that plane.
- Ω the longitude of the node of the plane of the orbit; or, 90° + the longitude of the meridian through the direction of the angular momentum h.
- —Hayward, R. B. ♦ Direct Demonstration of Jacobi's Canonical Formulae for the Variation of Elements in a Disturbed Orbit The Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, v. 3; London, John W. Parker & Son, 1860, p. 24
Electric charge is thus essentially an effect of angular momentum, as is hence also magnetic field intensity. The guiding conceptual image arising from this definition of charge is that of a three-dimensional eddy or swirl in an extremely homogeneous hydrodynamic medium of very low viscosity. The notion of a radius of gyration without sharply defined length, whose principal character may hence be expressed as a finite length of what may be called an effective radius of gyration, is involved in this image, as well as is the notion of areal momentum, defined as the product of mass and areal velocity as that latter term is used in astronomy. This image will now help in obtaining a new defining model for Planck's universal constant of action h, which is so closely related to the Boltzmann–Gibbs entropy concept, and hence to the logical structure of information and communication theory. Action is energy × time which is areal momentum, ie ms2/t (where m, s, and t are the three fundamental physical dimensions of mass, length and time).
- —Muses, Charles Arthur ♦ Aspects of Some Crucial Problems in Biological and Medical Cybernetics in Wiener, Norbert (ed.); Schadé, Johannes Petrus (ed.) ♦ Progress in Biocybernetics ♦ v. 2, Elsevier Pub. Co., 1965, p. 241
For a massive particle, moving in an orbit about an attracting mass, the Planck quantum of action is the areal momentum of unit mass, needed to offset the gravitoelectric potential of the attracting mass and stay in a stable orbit. The notion of the Planck quantum of action follows from Kepler's second law of motion—for a particle of unit mass, the product of the particle's mass and areal velocity (the area of the blue sector) is always equal to the Planck quantum of action (h = 6.62606957×10−34 kg·m2/s, or ħ = h/2π = 1.054571726×10−34 kg·m2/s).
For a massive particle, moving in an orbit about an attracting mass, the Planck quantum of action is the areal momentum of unit mass, needed to offset the gravitoelectric potential of the attracting mass and stay in a stable orbit. Therefore, the Planck quantum of action is truly proportional to the gravitoelectric potential. The mass-energy of the continuum's matter waves synergetically increases as they spiral into their own gravitational well (which is the gradient of the matter waves' constructive interference). As a result, the gravitational well deepens (i.e., the gravitational constant—a measure of the universe's gravitoelectrical interconnectedness—increases), which automatically increases the Planck quantum of action (ħ) and thus raises the objective reduction threshold (E = ħ/t), making possible the existence of ever more complex wavefunctions—atoms, molecules, living cells, people.
Photons are purely gravitoelectric (wave-like) virtual particles—the gravitomagnetic (particle-like) component of a photon becomes actualized when the photon's interaction with other matter waves intensifies the angular momentum of its gravitoelectric flux to the Planck quantum of action:
If relativity holds, then a photon appears to go from one present to another without experiencing space or time. It just "is", without time or space, very like a "time capsule" of energy frozen in stasis that only "comes alive" when it interacts.
- —Murphy, John ♦ On the Structure of Time: Some Features of Relativity 2002
Roughly speaking, it can be said that uniformly accelerated observers can see as real those particles which inertial observers claim to be virtual. As a result, while inertial observers would be frozen at 0 °K in the Minkowski vacuum, uniformly accelerated observers would be heated (and possibly burnt) at a temperature proportional to their proper acceleration.
- —Matsas, George E. A.; Vanzella, Daniel A. T. ♦ The Fulling–Davies–Unruh Effect is Mandatory: The Proton's Testimony 17 May 2002
Electrons too are virtual particles:
Electrons are wavelike and do not behave in a commonsense corpuscular way like billiard balls, and the classical electron radius is not a meaningful measurement of electron size.
- —Harrison, E. R. ♦ Cosmology Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 475
Therefore, the only stable real particle is the proton. When a proton becomes translationally accelerated to half the speed of light, it becomes spaghettified ("electrified") and turns into a neutron:
... the proton/neutron can be considered as unexcited/excited states of a two-level quantum mechanical system ...
- —Matsas, George E. A. ♦ Elementary particles under the lens of the black holes Braz. J. Phys., v. 34, March 2004
|| Proton's translational speed
|| The embryonal proton
|| The newborn proton
|| Half the speed of light at 0°♎
|| The proton turns into a neutron during ♎ (♄ in ♎ is in Exaltation)
|| The neutron is uncompressed
|| The neutron becomes compressed
|| The neutron is compressed
|| The speed of light at 0°♒, with subsequent deceleration to zero by 0°♓
 God and Nature
- The intensity of the angular momentum of the gravitomagnetic field is equal to the Planck quantum of action.
- The intensity of the angular momentum of the gravitoelectric potential is below the Planck quantum of action, which implies that the gravitoelectric potential (eternity, God, the Prime Mover) is a dendritic (i.e., unidimensional and unicentric) potential flow of the vacuum:
From Maxwell equations (6.20) it follows that the electric field is potential: E(r) = −gradφ(r).
- —Soviet Physics, Uspekhi v. 40, issues 1–6, American Institute of Physics, 1997, p. 39
Force in such a potential field is a flux in the sense of a mechanical driving agent.
- —Ziegler, Franz ♦ Mechanics of Solids and Fluids Springer, 1995, p. 167
The non-viscous flow of the vacuum should be potential (irrotational).
- —Volovik, G. E. ♦ The Universe in a Helium Droplet Oxford University Press, 2003, p. 60
The vacuum is really an expression of the continuous or noncountable nature of mass-energy ("mass", as the source of gravity). Continuity, as we will see, automatically makes mass-energy unidimensional and unipolar. <...> It is also responsible for quantum-mechanical nonlocality and the instantaneous transmission of the static gravitational force—though not the acceleration-dependent inertial or GTR component, or the inertial reaction force that we actually measure in systems with localised mass (and with which gravity is often confused).
- —Rowlands, Peter ♦ The Nilpotent Dirac Equation and its Applications in Particle Physics 2003, p. 10
The nonlocality of the gravitoelectric potential implies that it is self-similar everywhere in space. The self-similarity of the universe's gravitoelectric potential allows it to remain unicentric despite the universe's spatial infinity:
The universe is a recursive gravitational well. Falling into the universe's gravitoelectric potential is equivalent to travelling into the future, or, simply, to motion in time, which means that the universe's gravitoelectric potential is eternity. The suitcase symbolizes the central proton of our continuum. At the end of every 13.7-billion-year period of a continuum's gravitational involution, all of its protons tunnel into the central proton, which is a perfectly identical smaller-scale continuum. Every 13.7 billion years, you sit in front of your monitor and peer into this very image.
The gravitoelectric potential (analog information, eternity, God) is also known as the quantum gravitational potential, the quantum potential, or the wavefunction:
In essence, Quantum Mechanics includes quantum gravitational potential in the guise of quantum potential.
- —Chatterjee, Pradip Kumar ♦ Theory of Quantum Gravity of photon confirms experimental results of a varying fine structure constant while Quantum Mechanics leads to String theory 2005
... the quantum potential need not be mentioned in the formulation of Bohmian mechanics and in any case is merely a reflection of the wave function, which Bohmian mechanics does not add to but shares with orthodox quantum theory.
- —Bohmian Mechanics Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The basically new features of the quantum theory come mainly from the new properties of the quantum potential. Of these, one of the most important is that this potential is related to the Schroedinger wavefunction in a way that it does not depend on the intensity of the waves but only on the form. This implies that the Schroedinger wave does not act like, for example, a water wave on a floating object to push the particle mechanically with a force proportional to its intensity. Rather, a better analogy would be to a ship on automatic pilot guided by radar waves. The ship with its automatic pilot is a self-active system, but the form of its activity is determined by the information content concerning its environment carried by the radar waves. This latter is independent of the intensity of these waves (as long as they can be received by the equipment available) but depends only on their form, which in turn reflects the form of the environment. <...> Even at distances so great that the wave intensity is small, the trajectory of the particle can strongly reflect distant features of the environment. <...> At first sight, it seems that such a non-local connection, that can produce a kind of instantaneous contact of distant particles, would violate the theory of relativity, which requires that no signal can be transmitted faster than light. It is possible to show, however, that the quantum potential cannot be used to carry a signal, i.e., that it could not constitute a well-ordered series of impulses that could transmit a well-defined meaning.
- —Bohm, David ♦ A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter The Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, v. 80, 1986
The angular momentum of a centripetal gravitoelectric flux becomes conserved and intensified; wherever its intensity reaches the Planck quantum of action, a gravitomagnetic quantum of angular momentum (such as a graviton, a photon, an electron or a proton) becomes born.
The gravitomagnetic field (discrete information, the actual moment of time, Nature) is a tridimensional array of quantized gravitomagnetic vortices, engendered by angular momentum conservation. Being governed by a single wavefunction (i.e., by a potential, quasi-irrotational field, whose angular momentum's intensity is below the Planck quantum of action), a superfluid cannot rotate as a whole and conserves its angular momentum in the form of embedded quantized vortices (such as phonons, rotons, etc.). Analogously, God (the universal gravitoelectric flux, the wavefunction of the universe) conserves his angular momentum in the form of Nature (quantized gravitomagnetic vortices—gravitons, photons, electrons or protons, depending on the amount of angular momentum contained in a quantized vortex):
The Planck quantum of action, h, has precisely the dimensions of an angular momentum, and, moreover, the Bohr quantization hypothesis specified the unit of (orbital) angular momentum to be ħ = h/2π. Angular momentum theory and quantum physics are thus clearly linked.
- —Biedenharn, L. C.; Louck, J. D. ♦ Angular Momentum in Quantum Physics Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Advanced Book Program, 1981
In other words, the actual moment of time—the material world of quantized gravitomagnetic vortices—is a temporary "parking orbit" of the immaterial (potential, vortex-free) gravitoelectric flux of eternity:
Since a circular orbit has the lowest energy for a given angular momentum, the gas can only sink further into the gravitational potential and accrete onto the primary, if it can lose some angular momentum. Finding the process by which this is done in real systems is called the angular momentum problem. We have illustrated it here with the example of mass transfer in a binary, but the same problem arises for the formation of stars from interstellar clouds or the accretion of gas onto the massive black holes in AGN. In these cases, the initial angular momentum due to random motion of the gas clouds is many orders of magnitude larger than can be accommodated by the accreting object.
Rather than accreting directly, the gas forms a disk, acting like a temporary "parking orbit".
- —Murdin, P. (ed.) ♦ Encyclopaedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics 2002
From the aspect of energy, renewed by radio-active phenomena, material corpuscles may now be treated as transient reservoirs of concentrated power. Though never found in a state of purity, but always more or less granulated (even in light), energy nowadays represents for science the most primitive form of universal stuff. Hence we find our minds instinctively tending to represent energy as a kind of homogeneous, primordial flux in which all that has shape in the world is but a series of fleeting "vortices".
- —Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de ♦ The Phenomenon of Man 1955, p. 42
- Negative energy (centripetal suction, information) is electric, potential (irrotational, nonperturbative, coherent).
- Positive energy (centrifugal pressure, entropy) is magnetic, actual (rotational, perturbative, incoherent). When matter waves enter a bound state of mutual in-phase coherence (constructive interference), they acquire a deficit of mass (i.e., a deficit of potential energy) by releasing positive binding energy into the ambient vacuum, whose increase in volume cools the emitted positive energy:
So the entropy of the cloud decreases as it organises itself into a star but the entropy of the surrounding Universe increases as the star radiates the converted energy into space. Increasing the number of photons in the Universe increases the entropy of the Universe.
- —Clark, Stuart G. ♦ Life on other worlds and how to find it Springer, 2000, p. 58
The entropy of a region uniformly filled with matter and radiation is truly proportional to its volume.
- —Beckenstein, Jacob D. ♦ Information in the Holographic Universe Scientific American, August 2003
When protons' interconnection by wormholes is accelerating, the emission of the actualized binding energy into the ambient vacuum lags behind. Consequently, the internally coherent yet overheated proton aggregates cannot shrink, and, in their reference frame, the ambient vacuum metrically expands too slowly to sufficiently redshift (cool) the previously radiated thermal energy. As a result, internally coherent aggregates of wormhole-interconnected protons (atoms, molecules, people) become surrounded by an ocean of incoherent positive energy, known as the cosmic background radiation (CBR). The warm CBR inhibits the formation of long-range wormholes ("axons") between proton aggregates and thus enforces the principle of locality, which will be abolished when the CBR has cooled to a sufficiently low temperature:
The CBR has cooled from the initial 1 trillion degrees to the current 2.7 degrees Kelvin and will have lost its decohering properties by 2 November 2014 AD. Psychokinesis, eternal youth.
Adapted from R. H. Dicke et al.
♦ Astrophysical Journal
♦ v. 142, 1965, p. 414 ♦ Source
The continuum's cooling accompanies the conversion of its rotational momentum (gravitomagnetic, phenomenal, particle-like, discrete, countable, local, bound information—disgregated knowledge, entropy) into its translational momentum (gravitoelectric, noumenal, wave-like, analog, noncountable, nonlocal, free information—holistic understanding, information proper). By 2 November 2014 AD, the continuum becomes sufficiently cold for its matter waves to form a ballet psychokinetically conducted by a single all-understanding centre—the Eschaton:
There is nothing to life that has value, except the degree of power—assuming that life itself is the will to power.
- —Nietzsche, Friedrich ♦ The Will to Power book 1, section 55 (10 June 1887)
It used to be said that information is power. As Arthur Sulzberger Jr., chairman of the board of the New York Times Co., rightly says, "Information is now ubiquitous. Power is understanding."
- —Kaiser, Martin ♦ INFORMATION: The news will be exciting and so will the medium Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 2 January 2000
Any fool can know. The point is to understand. ... Imagination is more important than knowledge.
- —Albert Einstein
The imagination is a dimension of nonlocal information.
- —McKenna, Terence ♦ A Few Conclusions about Life 1996
Mathematics, which has been a high priesthood of arcane formuli and special signifying languages, is giving way to visual understanding.
- —McKenna, Terence
Science will, in all probability, be increasingly impregnated by mysticism.
- —Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
Bound information is always connected with a definite material structure, free information is abstract/symbolic. Free information is to a high degree independent from the carrier. <...>
Free information is connected with meaning and with goals (Zweck). <...>
In course of evolution several "phase transitions" from bound to free information are observed.
- —Ebeling, Werner ♦ Entropy, Information and Predictability of Evolutionary Systems in Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (ed.) ♦ The Quest for a Unified Theory of Information ♦ Gordon and Breach, 1999, p. 262
At high temperatures a ball of iron is in a state of perfect spherical symmetry, with the atomic "magnets" pointing in random directions. (b)
At low temperatures, the ball is in its lowest energy state, but the symmetry is lost because the atomic magnets have become aligned. This situation, where nature is forced to make an arbitrary choice
as it cools into the lowest energy state, is called "spontaneous symmetry breaking".
—Willis, Bill ♦ Collisions to melt the vacuum New Scientist
, 6 October 1983, p. 10
As we have seen, new information is created as the result of an arbitrary choice, arising in turn from the instability of the original state of the system in question together with the availability of various more stable states, from amongst which the choice is made. The generation of new information—be it cosmological, geological, or biological—has the character of a phase transition: it is new order that arises not gradually but all at once—at a jump.
- —Volkenstein, Mikhail V.; Shenitzer, Abe ♦ Entropy and Information Springer, 2009, p. 170
Shown on the graph is the temperature evolution of the continuum as a function of time in the early stage after the Big Bang. The first BCS-like phase transition occurred 10−12 yr after the Big Bang and was the origin of the nuclear matter as we know it today. The second BCS-like phase transition occurred when the temperature decreased to about the boiling point of water and was the origin of the living matter as we know it today. Source:
Poccia, N.; Ricci, A.; Innocenti, D.; Bianconi, A. ♦ A Possible Mechanism for Evading Temperature Quantum Decoherence in Living Matter by Feshbach Resonance International Journal of Molecular Sciences
, v. 10(5), May 2009
Secondly, in a many-particle system, the interaction of the particles may be thought of as depending on a common pool of information belonging to the system as a whole, in a way that is not analyzable in terms of pre-assigned relationships between individual particles. This may be illustrated in terms of the phenomenon of superconductivity. Now, at ordinary temperatures, electrons moving inside a metal are scattered in a random way by various obstacles and irregularities in the metal. As a result, there is a resistance to the flow of electric current. At low temperatures, however, the electrons move together in an organized way, and can therefore go around such obstacles and irregularities to re-form their pattern of orderly movement together (see Illustration 1). Thus they are not scattered, and therefore the current can flow indefinitely without resistance.
Superconducting current flowing around an obstacle.
A more detailed analysis shows that the quantum potential for the whole system then constitutes a non-local connection that brings about the above-described organized and orderly pattern of electrons moving together without scattering. We may here make an analogy to a ballet dance, in which all the dancers, guided by a common pool of information in the form of a score, are able to move together in a similar organized and orderly way, to go around an obstacle and re-form their pattern of movement.
If the basic behaviour of matter involves such features as wholeness, nonlocality and organization of movement through common pools of information, how then do we account for ordinary large-scale experience, in which we find no such features? It can be shown (Bohm & Hiley, 1987) that at higher temperatures, the quantum potential tends to take the form of independent parts, which implies that the particles move with a corresponding independence. It is as if, instead of engaging in a ballet dance, people were moving independently, each with his own separate pool of information. They would then constitute a crowd, in which the organized movement of the ballet has broken up.
- —Bohm, David ♦ A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter Philosophical Psychology, v. 3, No. 2, 1990, pp. 271–286
Our continuum is the excited state (quantum superposition) of its central proton. The high angular momentum (heat) of the nascent central proton made its position uncertain, so that the central proton became born in 1080 (Eddington's number) places simultaneously. The continuum's cooling (which, according to Bernoulli's principle, accompanies the continuum's translational acceleration into its own gravitational well and thus is the conversion of the continuum's angular momentum into the continuum's linear momentum) is accompanied by a three-stage condensation of protons into the central proton:
- Pre-breakdown gravitoelectrical treeing. During Stage 1, protons become self-gravitationally blueshifted in situ, so that the average distance between protons appears to increase, and spaghettified into a gravitoelectrical tree. As the gravitoelectrical tree grows, the quasi-unidimensional gravitoelectric flux tubes (wormholes) it consists of become more robust, and eventually—by 2 November 2014 AD—become traversable by protons.
- Teetering on the brink of a gravitoelectrical breakdown. In the beginning of Stage 2, the continuum is a single polycrystal, which is sufficient for partial gravitoelectrical discharges between any two points (teleportation), but insufficient for a wholesale gravitoelectrical breakdown. By the end of Stage 2, the continuum becomes annealed into a single monocrystal. Stage 2 begins on 2 November 2014 AD and is known as the Millennium.
- Gravitoelectrical breakdown. During Stage 3, protons teleport into the central proton through the wormholes of the gravitoelectrical tree. Stage 3 is known as the end of the world.
 Christmas tree
The movie stills show the development of structures in a 43-million-parsec (or 140-million-light-year) box from the redshift of 30 to the present epoch (upper left z = 30 to lower right z = 0). At the initial epoch (z = 30), when the age of the universe was less than 1% of its current age (about 13 billion years ago), algorithms based on the initial conditions predicted by inflationary models of the universe reveal what appears to be a uniform blanket of extremely rarefied quark-gluon plasma (extremely redshifted protons). By the current epoch (z = 0), the quark-gluon plasma has condensed and spaghettified into a tree-like structure (this image looks very much like the distribution of galaxies and galaxy clusters observed in the real universe). In the context of the analogy between the final configuration of the quark-gluon plasma and a dendritic drainage system, notice the filament spanning the entire box from left to right and how it becomes more and more pronounced with time.
Computer simulation: Center for Cosmological Physics/U Chicago
Constructive interference is synergetic (energetically favourable). That is why the spatial distribution of the continuum's matter waves progresses from the least synergetic uniformity to the most synergetic dendriticity. The continuum begins in a state of gravitomagnetic mass, which fills the entire volume of the continuum, with no gaps, and is also known as "rest mass", "quark-gluon plasma", or the "future". The quark-gluon plasma then undergoes a 13.7-billion-year-long self-gravitational condensation into ever-smaller protons, separated by ever-larger gaps of negative-energy gravitoelectrical vacuum (also known as the "past"), while its latent angular momentum becomes intensified into the toroidal protons' actual angular momentum (the "present"), whose transverse half becomes radiated into the gravitoelectrical vacuum and redshifted to zero energy by the gravitoelectrical vacuum's metric expansion, while the longitudinal half is retained by the protons, making them ever more spaghettified. In other words, the era of nondissipative equilibrium—the Millennium—begins when 50 percent of the future has been converted into the present and the past. By the beginning of the Millennium, the proton sheds 50 percent of its initial rest mass; one half of the shed rest mass becomes converted into the proton's relativistic mass, making it spaghettified.
The neuron is a dendritic potential gradient. The dendrites are incoming fluxes, which become combined into a single synergetically amplified outgoing flux—the axon. The neurons of a newborn are densely packed swollen somas without dendrites and axons. In the course of ontogeny, the somas shrink, sprouting dendrites and axons. Thus, ontogeny is pre-breakdown electrical treeing, while death is an electrical breakdown.
By 2 November 2014 AD, the continuum's dendritic (unidimensional and unicentric) gravitoelectric potential (eternity, God) will have spaghettified the initial uniform distribution of matter waves into their eventual dendritic configuration—the world tree or the tree of life, which is the main attribute of the Garden of Eden.
The unidimensional and unicentric form of the world tree copies the unidimensional and unicentric form of the gravitoelectric potential (eternity, God), which means that the formation of the world tree (Christmas tree) is the incarnation (Advent) of God, who thus acquires a cosmic body known as the Eschaton:
"Christ has a cosmic body that extends throughout the universe."
—Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de ♦ Cosmic Life
"Through the incarnation, God descended into Nature in order to super-animate and take it back to him."
—Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de ♦ Mysticism of Science
The gravitoelectrical treeing of the continuum progresses in the form of an exponentially accelerating avalanche of partial discharges, creating ensembles of gravitoelectromagnetic matter waves (atoms, molecules, and their associations, such as a human organism or a galaxy), whose gravitoelectric components (wavefunctions) are in a state of mutual understanding (constructive interference, rapport, quantum entanglement). For example, a single spontaneous electric discharge establishes a persistent pattern of mutual understanding (constructive interference, rapport, quantum entanglement) between the DNA molecules of a tadpole's head and thus creates the face of a frog. Therefore, living is understanding—the more one understands, the more alive one is, and the tree of life is the tree of understanding. Eventually, the central ensemble of matter waves—the Eschaton—attains such a deep understanding of the universe that the latter undergoes an instantaneous phase transition, abolishing the principle of locality—all matter waves enter a state of mutual understanding (constructive interference, rapport, quantum entanglement) and form a single ensemble known as the world tree, the tree of understanding or the Christmas tree, with the Eschaton (the central human couple—the ever-youthful Adam and Eve) being the star shining on the evergreen Christmas tree's top:
"Networks that grow randomly, like the global connections between computers that make up the internet, usually rapidly and smoothly gain a central backbone of connections that make it simple to travel between any two points, in what is called a fully connected structure. <...> The result is that for a long time the network grows, but does not become fully connected. Instead it contains a large number of unconnected chunks, each containing a few nodes. Eventually, the addition of just one link triggers an instantaneous phase change and the network becomes fully connected."
—Barras, Colin ♦ Society's vital networks prone to 'explosive' changes New Scientist
, 13 March 2009
As can be seen from the above illustration, the initial distribution of the continuum's matter waves was uniform, which implies that the matter waves were desynchronized and experienced mutual destructive interference:
Phase models have also been popular to discuss synchronization properties in a population of oscillators. From the Kuramoto study, it was known that gradually increasing the coupling would eventually overcome fluctuations and lead to a macroscopically synchronized state, which is intuitively quite plausible. Synchronization here does not mean that all oscillators point exactly in the same phase but that there is a preferred phase orientation or nonuniform phase distribution in the population. The uniformly distributed state is referred to as the incoherent, or desynchronized state.
- —Stillman, Bruce; Stewart, David J. (Ph.D.); Grodzicker, Terri ♦ Clocks and Rhythms CSHL Press, 2007, p. 406
Constructive interference is synergetic (energetically favourable). That is why the spatial distribution of the continuum's matter waves progresses from the least synergetic uniformity to the most synergetic dendriticity. Therefore, the continuum's gravitoelectric potential (eternity, God, the Prime Mover) is the gradient of matter waves' constructive interference, sweet harmony ("God is love").
Electrical treeing. High-voltage electrical breakdown within a block of Plexiglas creates a beautiful fractal pattern called a Lichtenberg figure. The branching discharges ultimately become hairlike, but are thought to extend down to the molecular level.
The spacetime continuum's gravitational potential is analogous to the electric potential with mass playing the role of charge—the rest mass (inertia, habituation) is analogous to a dielectric, while the relativistic mass is analogous to an electric current. Initially, the whole continuum is uniformly filled with extremely redshifted mutually incoherent protons (quark-gluon plasma), whose gravitoelectric potentials cancel each other, so that the continuum behaves like a dielectric, in which protons have the maximal rest mass but zero relativistic mass. In the course of the quark-gluon plasma's 13.7-billion-year-long gravitoelectrical treeing, its gravitoelectric potential translationally accelerates protons into their individual gravitational wells (so that the protons become blueshifted) and into the global gravitational well associated with the central proton. During that period, protons are gravitoelectromagnetic and travel by translational electric teleportations, alternating with rotational magnetic stations. The translational acceleration makes protons more translational (more electric) and less rotational (less magnetic, less dielectric). The quark-gluon plasma forms a nonlocal gravitoelectrical tree when protons' translational speed in the direction of the central proton approaches half the speed of light. By that moment, protons will have shed 50 percent of their initial rest mass/bound entropy/disgregation.
The gravitoelectric synergy of an ensemble of matter waves is the product of the matter waves' in-phase coherence (the ensemble's dendriticity) and proximity (the ensemble's density).
So, the power of a system's gravitoelectric potential is determined by the system's density of dendriticity. Since the human brain is the most densely dendritic object in the spacetime continuum (the microtubules inside a living cell form a dendritic structure; the nervous system is dendritic), it is the centre of the continuum's gravitoelectric potential:
The human neocortex is the most densely ramified and complexified structure in the known universe.
- —McKenna, Terence ♦ Alien Dreamtime 26–27 February 1993
Information (dendriticity) is conserved—the universe progresses from local (multicentric) dendriticity (bound information; cf. the short-range dendrital interconnectedness of adjacent neurons in infant brains) to global (unicentric) dendriticity (free information; cf. the long-range axonal interconnectedness in adult brains)—so that in the course of time, the quality (density) of dendriticity changes but the quantity of dendriticity is constant:
The trouble is, the laws of quantum physics—the very thing Stephen used to predict black hole radiation—clearly state that information can never be created or destroyed.
- —Davies, Paul ♦ Hawking and Black Holes The Science Show, ABC Radio National, 24 July 2004
Novelty is density of connection.
- —Terence McKenna at St. John the Divine's Cathedral 25 April 1996
The nonlocality and staticity of the gravitoelectric potential imply its sameness everywhere in space and everywhen in time. Therefore, the spacetime continuum is recursive both in space and in time. Any proton in our spacetime continuum is a particle-like black hole, being the entry mouth of a wave-like wormhole whose exit mouth is an electron in a perfectly identical smaller-scale continuum, which is the central proton of our continuum:
The Kerr singularity can also be used as a mathematical tool to study the wormhole "field line problem". If a particle is passed through a wormhole, the continuity equations for the electric field suggest that the field lines should not be broken. When an electrical charge passes through a wormhole, the particle's charge field lines appear to emanate from the entry mouth and the exit mouth gains a charge density deficit due to Bernoulli's principle. (For mass, the entry mouth gains mass density and the exit mouth gets a mass density deficit.) Since a Kerr ring-singularity has the same feature, it also allows this issue to be studied.
- —Ring singularity Wikipedia
Electrons are wavelike and do not behave in a commonsense corpuscular way like billiard balls, and the classical electron radius is not a meaningful measurement of electron size.
- —Harrison, E. R. ♦ Cosmology Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 475
The tail of an electron is a wormhole from its mother black-hole proton in the larger-scale replica of our spacetime continuum, in which our spacetime continuum is embedded as the central proton:
According to [11-15], electron represents a soliton—a clot of electrically charged matter having the physical properties of absolutely solid body (because of the violation of superposition principle). It is a complicated dynamical system consisting of a region of basic localization, with the sizes being of the order of Bohr radius for the ground state of particle, of a tail, extending up to infinity, and of the own field. The presence of the tail manifests itself in that the charge density of the self-acting electron proves to be distinct from zero (though rather small in magnitude) far outside the region of basic localization of particle. The oscillations of the charge density, occurring in this region, are instantaneously transferred along the tail via the own field of particle to any distances and excite the oscillations of electric and magnetic fields at each point of space. This process ensures that information about a physical event occurring at some point of space can be gained immediately from a measurement conducted at any place of the universe. It should be noted that the effect is absent for a point-like particle.
- —Oleinik, V. P. ♦ The Newest Development of Quantum Electrodynamics: Electron as an Open Self-organizing System, Superluminal Signals, Dynamical Properties of Time 2001
The intensity of the gravitoelectric flux, passing through our spacetime continuum (on its way from the larger-scale continuum into the smaller-scale continuum), is proportional to the mutual synergy (constructive interference, orgasm) of electrons (flux sources) and protons (flux sinks). In the end of the spacetime continuum's gravitational life cycle, the continuum's central electron becomes incorporated into the Perfect Man, while the continuum's central proton becomes incorporated into the Perfect Woman. The world process culminates in the Mystical Marriage of the Perfect Man and the Perfect Woman in the end of 2014 AD. The Planckian wormholes, connecting the continuum's protons to the central proton, become traversable by quantized signals (teleportation, psychokinesis, eternal youth).
After the ensuing Elysium, the continuum's protons tunnel into the central proton, where they merge into a uniform ocean of extremely rarefied quark-gluon plasma (when a flux of matter passes through a wormhole, its density drops due to Bernoulli's principle). At that point, the spacetime continuum begins a "new" 13.7-billion-year-long cycle of its gravitational involution from uniformity into dendriticity. All the cycles are perfectly identical—every 13.7 billion years, you sit in front of your computer and read this very webpage.
 Magic mushroom
- The universe is a magic mushroom—a single gravitoelectromagnetic matter wave, travelling into itself by translational gravitoelectric teleportations, alternating with 13.7-billion-year-long rotational gravitomagnetic stations. During a 13.7-billion-year-long station, the gravitoelectric flux is looped upon itself, forming a recursively nested gravitomagnetic Hill vortex (a toroidal vortex bounded by a limaçon-shaped surface).
- In the course of its 13.7-billion-year-long involution, the gravitoelectromagnetic flux, of which the Hill vortex consists, becomes sucked—translationally accelerated—into the smaller-scale Hill vortex, which is the central proton of the normal-scale Hill vortex.
- Having reached the critical threshold of translational acceleration (electrification), the Hill vortex becomes purely gravitoelectric and tunnels into the smaller-scale Hill vortex at its gravitational centre. At the ingress into the smaller-scale Hill vortex, the gravitoelectric flux undergoes decoherence into an extremely hot gravitomagnetic quark-gluon plasma, whose pressure expands the smaller-scale Hill vortex and restores its spherical symmetry—as the smaller-scale Hill vortex expands, its funnel becomes shallower.
| System's heat|
| The radial speed of the gravitoelectromagnetic flux, passing through our continuum on its way from the larger-scale continuum (in which our continuum is the central proton) into the smaller-scale continuum (the central proton of our continuum)
|| System's state
|| Continuum's state
But the heat is rarefied and has the form of latent heat
| Zero (the flux is purely gravitomagnetic)
|| Disorganized complexity (non-negated complexity)
|| A gravitomagnetic black hole—a recursively nested Hill vortex of extremely redshifted quark-gluon plasma with a barely noticeable concavity (the smaller-scale Hill vortex is nested in the shallow concavity's bottom and is the central proton of the normal-scale Hill vortex)
Latent heat is gravitationally condensed into actual heat, at least half of which is accumulated in neutrons, while the rest is radiated as thermal photons into the ambient physical vacuum and redshifted out of existence by the vacuum's metric expansion
| Higher than zero but lower than the speed of light (the flux is gravitoelectromagnetic)
|| Organized complexity (semi-negated complexity)
|| Eventually, a gravitoelectromagnetic temporary neutron star—a recursively nested Hill vortex, whose concavity has developed into a deep funnel (a dendritic gravitoelectric wormhole, connecting the normal-scale Hill vortex with its central proton—the smaller-scale Hill vortex)
|| The speed of light (the flux is purely gravitoelectric)
|| Singularity (negated complexity)
|| A dendritic gravitoelectric wormhole, through which the former black hole's elementary particles, liquidated into a purely gravitoelectric potential flux, tunnel into the central proton. The retraction of the rear branches of the dendritic gravitoelectric wormhole is accompanied by the central proton's expansion into a gravitomagnetic bubble of extremely redshifted quark-gluon plasma—a newborn black-hole continuum, which begins a "new" 13.7-billion-year-long cycle of involution into a giant dendritic wormhole (the world tree), ending with a gravitoelectrical tunneling of the blueshifted and spaghettified quark-gluon plasma down that wormhole. And so ad infinitum
According to Bernoulli's principle, the continuum's matter will descend to the minimum total potential energy when it has converged into a narrow flux tube and translationally accelerated to the speed of light. That is why our limaçon-shaped black-hole continuum is being sucked into its own gravitational well, which develops from a barely noticeable concavity into a deep funnel. When the flux of the continuum's matter spirals down that funnel, its density drops due to Bernoulli's principle. This is why the planet Earth, embedded in the very bottom of the continuum's gravitational well, is surrounded by a giant rarefied region. The spaghettification (translational acceleration) of the infalling gravitoelectromagnetic matter waves spiritualizes (ephemeralizes) them by decreasing their rotational (gravitomagnetic, actual, physical) momentum (discrete knowledge) and increasing their translational (gravitoelectric, potential, spiritual) momentum (analog understanding, imagination). The matter waves, of which the most imaginative human couple consists, are in the vanguard of the continuum's spiritualization (ephemeralization).
In mathematical topology, a tridimensional cross section of a quadridimensional sphere has the shape of a cardioid (a cusped limaçon). Therefore, our black-hole continuum's development from a sphere with a barely noticeable concavity into a cardioid with a deep funnel is the development of a tridimensional space into a quadridimensional hyperspace. A phase transition from tridimensionality to quadridimensionality will take place from 2 October 2014 to 2 November 2014 AD and will allow of psychokinesis, teleportation, and time travel.
Due to the inverse-square nature of gravitation, the wide end of a gravitational well is predominantly gravitomagnetical (rotational, characterized by a low Planck quantum of action), while the narrow end of the gravitational well is predominantly gravitoelectrical (translational, characterized by a high Planck quantum of action).
The mass-energy of the continuum's matter waves synergetically increases as they spiral into their own gravitational well (which is the gradient of the matter waves' mutual constructive interference):
Photons climbing out of a gravitating object become less energetic. This loss of energy is known as a "redshifting", as photons in the visible spectrum would appear more red. Similarly, photons falling into a gravitational field become more energetic and exhibit a blueshifting. ... Note that the magnitude of the redshifting (blueshifting) effect is not a function of the emitted angle or the received angle of the photon—it depends only on how far radially the photon had to climb out of (fall into) the potential well.
- —Nemiroff, R. J. ♦ Gravitational Principles and Mathematics American Journal of Physics, 61, 619 (1993)
As a result, the gravitational well deepens, undergoing an exponentially accelerating impansion (metric expansion) and thus becoming ephemeralized—less gravitomagnetical (actual, phenomenal, material) but more gravitoelectrical (potential, noumenal, spiritual):
A gravitational well with an increasing gravitational constant G, given by .
The total mass M of the continuum's electromagnetic matter waves is constant but becomes converted from rest mass (particle-like, magnetic mass, also known as bound, confined, local energy), into relativistic mass (wave-like, electric mass, also known as free, deconfined, nonlocal energy), which is amplified by synergetic constructive interference (quantum entanglement). As a result, the gravitational constant G, which is a measure of matter waves' gravitoelectrical synergy, increases.
The wall of our limaçon-shaped black-hole continuum's funnel is a dendritic network of gravitoelectric flux tubes (wormholes), converging towards the central proton. The 13.7-billion-year-long formation and exponentially accelerating deepening of the funnel is the spacetime continuum's pre-breakdown gravitoelectrical treeing, which will be followed by the continuum's gravitoelectrical breakdown (protons' tunnelling into the central proton), also known as the end of the world.
Elementary particles are black holes. From Hayward's equation m/f = h = const., it follows that the radius (i.e., the Compton wavelength) of a black hole is inversely proportional to the black hole's mass:
The size λn of a nucleon is roughly 1020 limes larger than the size a* of a Planck particle, and the mass m* of a Planck particle is roughly 1020 times larger than the mass mn of a nucleon.
- —Harrison, Edward Robert ♦ Cosmology Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 478
Therefore, the most massive black hole is the central proton of the continuum, and everything will eventually be sucked into it.
 Eternal now
When two matter waves enter a state of mutual constructive interference (quantum entanglement, rapport), they release the binding energy and become energetically indebted to each other. The bound state is a state of negative potential energy—energy debt.
Initially, the continuum's angular momentum is very large but is dispersed in the form of an extremely rarefied cloud of multiple elementary particles without a common orbit. The elementary particles' radial acceleration towards the central proton is accompanied by their tangential deceleration (the sum of a spiralling particle's radial and tangential speeds equals the speed of light, which implies that increasing the radial speed decreases the tangential speed). The decrease in the elementary particles' angular momentum forces them to share the remaining angular momentum by lending it to each other (angular-momentum bonds, derivatives, etc.), so that the disorganized angular momentum of a protostellar cloud turns into the organized ("globalized") angular momentum of a Saturnian ring (a "global economy"):
There is something missing in investors’ reasoning that leads to their current complacency, and that is an understanding of the circularity of confidence in a fragile system. Since the system is fundamentally unsound, all it would take is a loss of confidence to set off a collapse in the purchasing power of money, a major currency or the global stock and/or bond markets.
- —Elliott's Paul Singer on How It All Will End: "Badly, We Guess" Zero Hedge, 29 April 2014
For example, the iron core of a star is a "global economy" of iron nuclei, in which the electrons' angular momentum (degeneracy pressure) is shared among all the nuclei. Having exhausted their capacity to offset the decrease in their angular momentum by its more efficient sharing, the multiple iron nuclei symultaneously descend to a lower orbit, whose higher Planck quantum of action fuses them into a single nucleus—a neutron star:
In some ways a neutron star can be conceived of as a gigantic nucleus.
- —Neutron star Britannica
The industrial civilization is a red supergiant with an iron core, where "iron men" play the role of iron nuclei—cf. the red supergiant of the Soviet Union headed by Stalin (a "man of steel"). The iron economy's collapse is staved off by the angular momentum released by burning petroleum. The higher the mass of humanity (the number of people), the higher the angular momentum needed to be released in order to stave off mankind's collapse (currently, ten calories of petroleum are spent to produce one calorie of food). According to the Planck law of radiation, if, in an aggregate of matter waves, the mass-specific angular momentum exceeds the Planck quantum of action, it becomes converted into new matter waves and thus decreased to the Planck quantum of action, which is the minimal mass-specific angular momentum needed to prevent the matter-wave aggregate's collapse under its own weight. In the case of mankind, excess angular momentum (excess petroleum) becomes converted into new people and thus decreased to the minimally acceptable level. By borrowing money into existence and refinancing it with new money borrowed into existence, mankind has managed to keep the per-capita petroleum consumption (i.e., the per-capita angular momentum) at the minimally acceptable level, attained in the beginning of the 1980s. Having reached Peak Debt, mankind will experience an angular-momentum deficit and descend to a lower orbit, whose higher Planck quantum of action will fuse it into a single human couple.
From 1982 to 2008, the number of people in the world has grown by almost 45% or 2.1 billion people
Oil supply has been unable to outpace population growth since the 1970s and has from 1982 until recently just been able to keep pace with demand. 4.6 barrels of petroleum per capita per year provides the minimal amount of mass-specific angular momentum needed to prevent the industrial civilization's collapse under its own weight.
The US debt accrual is the final crescendo of the 13.7-billion-year-long energy debt accrual which begins right after the Big Bang and goes overtly exponential on 21 March 1946 AD:
Somewhere around 1945 we began to loot the future as a strategy for survival, some ethical norm was shattered.
- —McKenna, Terence ♦ History Ends in Green 1989
Matter waves' interindebtedness (constructive interference) is their organized complexity—information. That is why the beginning of the overtly exponential period of debt accrual roughly coincides with 14 February 1946—the day of the unveiling of the first electronic general-purpose computer (ENIAC), regarded as the birth of the Information Age.
The matter waves of the Earth's biosphere are swirling down the gradient of their synergetic (energetically favourable) constructive interference, towards increasingly condensed states. The gravitation towards the biosphere's maximally condensed state is subject to the inverse-square law, which implies that the gradient of matter waves' constructive interference becomes steeper with time, and mankind needs to undergo phase transitions ever faster in order to release some more latent heat of crystallization and thus delay its condensation into a "temporary neutron star"—a single hypersynergetic couple of people:
Each successive nuclear burning stage releases less energy than the previous stage, so the lifetime in each stage becomes progressively shorter. For a 20 MSun star:
- Main sequence lifetime ~ 10 million years
- Helium burning (3-α) ~ 1 million years
- Carbon burning ~ 300 years
- Oxygen burning ~ 2/3 year
- Silicon burning ~ 2 days
- The iron core's collapse into a temporary neutron star ~ a few milliseconds
- The temporary neutron star's collapse into a black hole ~ after a few weeks or months
- —Gene Smith's Astronomy Tutorial University of California, San Diego
The biosphere's latent heat—petroleum—becomes converted into actual condensation-delaying heat for money. Every single dollar in circulation is borrowed from a cartel of private banks known as the Federal Reserve. Therefore, the moment of Peak Debt is the moment of Peak Oil and the moment of humanity's condensation into a single hypersynergetic couple of people.
The biosphere condenses its energy into a single couple of hypersynergetic people—the Eschaton—in three stages:
- The biosphere condenses solar energy into petroleum.
- Until 2 October 2014 AD, the energy of petroleum becomes condensed into a multiplicity of people.
- From 2 October 2014 to 2 November 2014 AD, the multiplicity of people condenses into a single hypersynergetic couple of people.
| Stage of stellar evolution
|| Entropy (latent heat of condensation, unrealized synergy of interindebtedness) in units of Boltzmann constant
|| Stage of human history
|| Calendar period
| A protostellar nebula
|| Very high
| A hydrogen star
|| The dawn of history
| Photodisintegration. Because iron is the most tightly bound nucleus (the "break-even point" between fusion and fission), the star is no longer able to produce energy in the core via further nuclear burning stages. Nuclear reactions will continue, however, because of the extremely high temperatures in the massive star's core. These further reactions have a devastating effect on the star, because they take energy out of the core. At such high temperatures and densities, the gamma-ray photons present in the core have sufficient energy to destroy the heavy nuclei produced in the many stages of nuclear reactions, e.g.:γ + 56Fe →134He + 4n This process, called photodisintegration, undoes the work of a stellar lifetime in the core and removes the thermal energy necessary to provide pressure support. The result is a catastrophic collapse of the core, which cannot be halted until the core has shrunk to a size of about 10 km and a density of the order of 200 million tons/cm3. Under such extreme conditions, electron degeneracy cannot support the stellar core, and the free electrons are forced together with protons to form neutrons
|| ≤ 1
|| The transition from history to posthistory. 2 October 2014 AD is the moment of Peak Debt—the break-even point between the nominal GDP growth (the thermal pressure support) and debt (which is mankind's gravitation to the next more synergetic configuration). From 2 October 2014 to 2 November 2014 AD, the "red supergiant" of mankind collapses into a "temporary neutron star"—a single hypersynergetic human couple known as the Eschaton
|| From 2 October 2014 to 2 November 2014 AD
| A temporary neutron star
|| ≤ 0.5
|| Posthistory (Elysium, Millennium). The Perfect Man, representing the universe's electrons, and the Perfect Woman, representing the universe's protons, are unified into a married couple representing the universe in its final neutron-like state. The universe as an interactive archive (time travel, reality warping)
|| From 2014 to 4466 AD
| The black-hole impansion (inward expansion) of the neutron star
|| Rapidly increasing entropy. The time count is being reset
|| The end of the world
|| 4466 AD (the nucleus of the Milky Way enters the sign of Aquarius)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Soviet Physics, Uspekhi v. 40, issues 1–6, American Institute of Physics, 1997, p. 39 ♦ "From Maxwell equations (6.20) it follows that the electric field is potential: E(r) = −gradφ(r)."
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Nemiroff, R. J. ♦ Gravitational Principles and Mathematics American Journal of Physics, 61, 619 (1993) ♦ "Photons climbing out of a gravitating object become less energetic. This loss of energy is known as a 'redshifting', as photons in the visible spectrum would appear more red. Similarly, photons falling into a gravitational field become more energetic and exhibit a blueshifting. ... Note that the magnitude of the redshifting (blueshifting) effect is not a function of the emitted angle or the received angle of the photon—it depends only on how far radially the photon had to climb out of (fall into) the potential well."
- ↑ Muses, Charles Arthur ♦ Aspects of Some Crucial Problems in Biological and Medical Cybernetics in Wiener, Norbert (ed.); Schadé, Johannes Petrus (ed.) ♦ Progress in Biocybernetics ♦ v. 2, Elsevier Pub. Co., 1965, p. 239
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Moskvitch, Katia ♦ Strength of gravity shifts—and this time it's serious New Scientist, 11 September 2013
- ↑ Lee, David M. ♦ Nobel Lecture in "Nobel Lectures in Physics (1996–2000)", World Scientific, 2002, p. 13 ♦ "In this scheme, the superfluid atoms are governed by a wavefunction-like entity called the order parameter, as introduced by Ginzburg and Landau for the case of superconductivity."
- ↑ Davies, Paul ♦ The New Physics Cambridge University Press, 1992, p. 225 ♦ "It was observed a long time ago that this description of superfluid helium would lead to the conclusion that the superfluid should flow with the type of flow known as 'potential flow' in hydrodynamics."
- ↑ Cohen, Michael; Feynman, Richard P. ♦ Theory of Inelastic Scattering of Cold Neutrons from Liquid Helium Physical Review, v. 107, No. 1, 1 July 1957 ♦ "For small k, the excitations are called phonons and may be thought of as quantized sound waves; the excitations with k ~ k0 are called rotons, and seem to be the quantum-mechanical analog of smoke rings."
- ↑ Lounasmaa, Olli V.; Thuneberg, Erkki ♦ Vortices in rotating superfluid 3He PNAS, v. 96, No. 14, 6 July 1999
- ↑ Volovik, G. E. ♦ The Universe in a Helium Droplet Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 38 ♦ "In this particular example the matter is represented by the fluctuations of the 'gravity field' itself—i.e., phonons play the role of gravitons, and the matter consists of gravitons only."
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Zyga, Lisa ♦ Is Everything Made of Mini Black Holes? PhysOrg.com, 18 May 2009
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Why is the Potential Energy Negative? HyperPhysics
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Coyne, D. G. ♦ A Scenario for Strong Gravity without Extra Dimensions 2006, pp. 29, 30
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Bliokh, K. Yu.; Kontorovich, V. M. ♦ On the Evolution and Gravitational Collapse of a Toroidal Vortex 2003, p. 5 ♦ "Similarly, it can be easily proved that, upon the establishment of equilibrium (23), at least half the released potential energy is transformed into the kinetic energy of rotation (the remaining part being transformed into heat). <...> We can state that the toroid contraction has qualitatively the same consequences for moving particles as an increase in their energy for a fixed size of the toroid."
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Rowlands, Peter ♦ The Nilpotent Dirac Equation and its Applications in Particle Physics 2003, p. 10 ♦ "The vacuum is really an expression of the continuous or noncountable nature of mass-energy ("mass", as the source of gravity). Continuity, as we will see, automatically makes mass-energy unidimensional and unipolar. <...> It is also responsible for quantum-mechanical nonlocality and the instantaneous transmission of the static gravitational force—though not the acceleration-dependent inertial or GTR component, or the inertial reaction force that we actually measure in systems with localised mass (and with which gravity is often confused)."
- ↑ Lange, Catherine de ♦ A frog's electric face New Scientist, 19 July 2011
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Vries, Andreas de ♦ Shadows of rotating black holes approximated by Dürer-Pascal limaçons in Muno, R. (ed.) ♦ Jahresschrift der Bochumer Interdisziplinären Gesellschaft eV 2003, ibidem-Verlag, 2005
- ↑ Battersby, Stephen ♦ Big Bang glow hints at funnel-shaped Universe New Scientist, 15 April 2004
- ↑ Chown, Marcus ♦ Is Earth at the heart of a giant cosmic void? New Scientist, 12 November 2008
- ↑ ENIAC: The Birth of the Information Age Popular Science, March 1996
- ↑ The ENIAC Effect: Dawn of the Information Age ENIAC Museum
- ↑ Bethe, Hans A.; Brown, Gerald ♦ How a Supernova Explodes World Scientific, 2003, p. 56 (63) ♦ "The collapse takes only milliseconds ..."
- ↑ Mészáros, Peter ♦ Gamma-ray bursts: the supernova connection Nature, 19 June 2003, pp. 809, 810 ♦ "There is also a more elaborate offshoot of the supernova idea—the 'supranova'. Here, the core collapse is assumed to be a two-step affair: the first step produces a temporary neutron star and a supernova; in the second step, a few weeks or months later, the neutron star collapses into a black hole, producing a GRB."
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 Bethe, Hans A.; Brown, Gerald ♦ How a Supernova Explodes World Scientific, 2003 ♦ "The entire evolution of the star is toward a condition of greater order, or lower entropy. It is easy to see why. In a hydrogen star, each nucleon can move willy-nilly along its own trajectory, but in an iron core groups of 56 nucleons are bound together and must move in lockstep. Initially the entropy per nucleon, expressed in units of Boltzmann's constant, is about 15; in the presupernova core it is less than 1."
- ↑ Gene Smith's Astronomy Tutorial University of California, San Diego
- ↑ Meyer, Bradley S. ♦ The r-, s-, and p-processes in nucleosynthesis "If the neutron star is more than a few hours old, it is cold (T ≤ 109 K) on a nuclear energy scale (e.g. Baym & Pethick 1979), implying that the entropy per baryon is quite low (≤ 0.5k)."
- ↑ Shiga, David ♦ 'Monsters' blamed for extreme chaos in black holes New Scientist, 18 January 2008